Step-by-Step Guide: Installing Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is a popular choice among homeowners due to its durability, affordability, and ease of installation. Unlike hardwood or tile flooring, laminate is relatively easy to install, making it a great DIY project for those willing to put in the time and effort. In this article, we will provide you with step-by-step instructions on how to install laminate flooring so you can achieve a professional-looking finish without having to hire a contractor. Whether you’re a seasoned DIYer or a beginner, read on to learn how to install laminate flooring in your home.


Before installing laminate flooring, there are several things you need to do to prepare your room and the subfloor.

Acclimate the Flooring

Laminate flooring needs time to acclimate to the room in which it will be installed. This means that it needs to sit in the room for at least 48 hours before installation. This ensures that it expands or contracts to the room’s temperature and humidity.

Clean the Subfloor

The subfloor needs to be clean and level for successful laminate installation. Remove any debris, dust, or adhesive residue from the subfloor and patch any holes or cracks before starting the installation.

Measure the Room

Before installing laminate flooring, you’ll need to measure the room to determine how much flooring you’ll need to buy. Be sure to measure the length and width of the room and add 10% to your total square footage to account for waste.

Tools and Materials

You’ll need several tools and materials to install laminate flooring, including a circular saw, jigsaw or handsaw, spacers, tapping block, pull bar, underlayment, and laminate planks.

Installation Process

Now that you’ve prepared the room and gathered your tools and materials, it’s time to install the laminate flooring.

Install Underlayment

The first step in installing laminate flooring is to lay down underlayment. Start in one corner of the room and lay out the underlayment perpendicular to the direction of the planks. Tape the seams together and trim off any excess underlayment.

Start Laying the Planks

Starting in the corner of the room, lay the first plank with the tongue side facing the wall. Leave a ¼ inch gap to allow for expansion, and use spacers to keep the gap consistent. Continue laying the planks, connecting them with the tongue and groove system, and using a tapping block and pull bar to ensure a snug fit.

Cut the Planks

When you reach the end of a row, measure and cut the last plank to fit. Cut the plank with a jigsaw or handsaw, leaving a ¼ inch gap at the end. Use the leftover plank from the last row to start the next row if possible.

Continue Laying the Planks

Continue laying the planks row by row, using spacers and ensuring each row is tightly connected to the previous one. Be sure to stagger the end joints of the planks to create a more natural look.

Finish the Installation

When you reach the last row, measure and cut the planks to fit. Remove the spacers and install the baseboards or shoe molding to cover the gaps at the edges of the room.


With proper maintenance, your laminate flooring will look great for years to come.

Clean Regularly

Sweep or vacuum your laminate flooring regularly to remove dirt and debris. Use a damp mop with a mild detergent when needed, but avoid using too much water, which can damage the planks.

Avoid Scratches

Avoid scratching your laminate flooring by using furniture pads on the legs of your furniture and avoiding wearing high heels or shoes with cleats indoors.

Control Humidity

To prevent your laminate flooring from swelling or warping, keep the humidity level in your home between 30% and 60%. Use a dehumidifier or air conditioner in humid weather and run a humidifier in dry weather.

Gather the Tools and Materials

Before you start installing laminate flooring, it’s important to have all the necessary tools and materials to ensure a smooth installation process. Here are the things you’ll need:

1. Laminate Flooring – Decide on the type of laminate flooring you want, and make sure you have enough square footage to cover the area where the flooring will be installed. It’s also recommended to purchase an extra 10% of flooring to account for waste and mistakes.

2. Foam Underlayment – This will serve as a moisture barrier and sound reducer. Measure the square footage of the area and purchase enough underlayment to cover it.

3. Tape Measure – This is an essential tool for measuring the area where you’ll be installing the flooring. Make sure you have a precise measurement to avoid purchasing too much or too little flooring.

4. Circular Saw or Jigsaw – You’ll need to cut the laminate planks to fit the dimensions of the room. A circular saw or jigsaw will do the trick, but make sure you’re comfortable using either tool, as they can be dangerous if not handled properly.

5. Spacers – These will help ensure that your flooring stays even and secure during installation. You’ll want to use spacers on the edges of the room and between each plank.

6. Tapping Block and Pull Bar – These tools will come in handy when installing the planks. The tapping block helps to secure the planks in place while the pull bar helps you connect the planks together.

7. Knee Pads – Save your knees and invest in a good pair of knee pads. You’ll be spending a lot of time on your knees during the installation process.

Now that you have all the necessary tools and materials, let’s move on to the next step – preparing the subfloor.

Preparing the Surface for Laminate Flooring

Once you have purchased your laminate flooring, it’s time to get the room ready for installation. The first step is to clear the room of all furniture and remove any old flooring that may be in place. You may need to hire a professional to help with this step if you are unsure of how to do it yourself. Once the room is cleared, you can follow these steps to prepare the surface for your new laminate flooring.

Inspect the Surface

Before laying down your flooring, it’s important to inspect the surface for any uneven areas or damage. A smooth surface will ensure that your laminate flooring will lay flat and create a solid foundation. If you discover any significant issues, such as a raised area, you may need to sand or level the surface to create a level base.

Install Underlayment

Underlayment is an essential part of the installation process for laminate flooring. This layer sits between the subfloor and the laminate, adding extra cushioning and soundproofing to your new floors. Most laminate flooring comes with an attached underlayment, but if yours does not, you can purchase this separately. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to cut and lay the underlayment across your entire floor area.

Prepare the Door Frames

Laminate flooring will raise the level of your floor slightly, so it’s important to prepare your door frames accordingly. You will need to saw the bottom of each door frame so that the laminate flooring can fit underneath it. This is an important step, as it will ensure that your new floors will look seamless and professional.

Lay Out Your First Row

Now it’s time to lay out your first row of laminate flooring. Begin in the corner of the room and lay your planks perpendicular to the longest wall. Be sure to leave a ¼ inch gap between the wall and the end of the plank to allow for expansion. Use spacers to maintain this gap as you install each row.

Use a Table Saw for Cuts

You will inevitably need to cut some of your planks to fit around obstacles such as doorways and heating vents. To do this, use a table saw rather than a hand-held saw for a more precise cut. Measure the width and length of each piece you need to cut and take your time to ensure accurate cuts.

Consider buying a laminate flooring installation kit that includes all the necessary tools, such as tapping blocks and pull bars, at a reasonable price.

By following these steps, you can prepare the surface of your room for laminate flooring and create a professional-looking finish that will hold up to everyday use. Remember to take your time and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to ensure a smooth and successful install.

Thanks for Following Along!

Now that you know how to install laminate flooring, you can transform any room into a beautiful and modern space. Don’t forget to take your time and follow the steps carefully to ensure a successful installation. And don’t worry if you make a mistake – it’s all part of the learning process! Just remember to enjoy the experience and have fun with it.

If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave them below. And be sure to visit us again soon for more helpful articles and tips. Thanks for reading, and we hope to see you again soon!

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